About Us Upcoming Trade Events in India

January 2020

“SMART Governance: Public Service Delivery in #Digital_India”, at Pride Sun Village Resort, Goa from January 6-10, 2020.

In convergence with the honorable Prime Minister’s vision for Digital India, National Productivity Council (NPC) Jaipur is pleased to announce its Training Programme on “SMART Governance: Public Service Delivery in #Digital_India”, at Pride Sun Village Resort, Goa from January 6-10, 2020. With SMART governance, democracies around the globe are set to improve their education, security, transport, resource management, and economic infrastructure. This training programme is aimed to train the participants on application of the concept of SMART governance and how it can be used to satisfy the expectations of the citizens through digital revolution.

The detailed brochure is enclosed for your kind perusal. The Programme fee of Rs.49500/- + 18% GST (Rs. Forty Nine Thousand and Five Hundred Only + 18% GST) for residential participants is inclusive of boarding and lodging arrangement for the participants for 4 nights during the programme, course kit and professional charges; Rs.30000/- + 18% GST (Rs. Thirty Thousand Only + 18% GST) for non-residential participants inclusive of lunch, course kit and professional charges.

We are sure that you would take advantage of this programme and nominate a few officials from your organization for technical capacity building. Kindly feel free to call us at +91-8826628448, 0141-2703573, 0141-2702935 or email us at jaipur@npcindia.gov.in, himanshu.rg@npcindia.gov.in. We look forward to your continuous support and an early response.


The influence of modern technology can be felt in every aspect of our lives, even in the way our governments function. With SMART governance, democracies around the globe are set to improve their education, security, transport, resource management, and economic infrastructure. This training programme is aimed to train the participants on application of the concept of SMART governance and how it can be used to satisfy the expectations of the citizens through digital revolution. The course also illustrates with successful examples how government schemes can be monitored, evaluated and reformed in real time using ICT tools. The course also underlines the ethical aspect of governance which is the spirit of effective and responsive public service delivery.


The programme aims at exposing the participants to

· the concepts of governance and good governance

· the issues and challenges in delivering good governance the SMART way

· SMART governance components, architecture and roles of stakeholders

· approach and strategies for ensuring SMART governance through ICT Tools

· values and ethics in governance

· Learning from various sectors, states and countries


· Governance in India : a critical review & resistance factors

· Good Governance and SMART Governance: Models and Requirements.

· Digitalisation - a tool for SMART Governance

· Government Process Reengineering

· Effective and Efficient public service delivery using ICT/Digitalisation

· Monitoring and Impact Evaluation of government schemes through ICT tools

· Ethics and Values fundamental to SMART Governance

· Best practices followed in various sectors/states/countries


All levels of executives/ managers/ officers/ Sr. level supporting staff from various functions of Government sector including Departments, Public Sector Enterprises, Educational Institutions, Banks, Municipal Corporations, Boards, Panchayati Raj Institutions and others.


Methodology of the programme would be participative in nature. The sessions would be interactive based on conceptual deliberations, presentation, case studies, success stories, individual and group presentation, group discussion, and development of an action plan by the participants for the implementation at the organisational levels.


Senior consultants from National Productivity Council and eminent experts from the domain would conduct the training sessions.


Pride Sun Village Resort, Goa

January 6-10, 2020

Programme starts on 06/01/2020 at 1500 hours

Programme closes on 10/01/2020 at 1100 hours

For Residential participants - Lodging & Boarding arrangement will be made for 4 nights. Check – in on 06/01/2020 (AN) ; Check – out on 10/01/2020 (FN)

*Non-Residential participants to report directly at the venue on 06/01/2020 at 1500 hours


Rs.49500/- + 18% GST (Rs. Forty Nine Thousand and Five Hundred + 18% GST) per participant for residential participants inclusive of lodging and boarding arrangement for 4 nights during the programme

Rs.30000/- + 18% GST (Rs. Thirty Thousand Only + 18% GST) per participant for non-residential participants, inclusive of working lunch and course material.

The cheque/demand drafts should be drawn in favour of “National Productivity Council” payable at New Delhi.

For payment by ECS, Account Details are as follows:

Bank Name: Indian Overseas Bank, 70 Golf Link, New Delhi, Bank

Account No.: 026501000009207, IFCS/RTGS/NEFT Code: IOB-A0000265

MICR Code: 110020007, PAN No.AAATN0402F, TAN No.:0099B

GST No.: 08AAATN0402F1Z6


Nominations along with participants details- name, designation, organisation, contact address, email, phone/mobile no., residential/non-residential, along with DD/Cheque/ECS details towards participation fee along with GST No. should reach NPC Jaipur latest by December 27, 2019 respectively to

Programme Director

National Productivity Council

SB-96, JLN Marg, Bapu Nagar, Jaipur - 302017 8619758891

Phone: 0141-2702935, 2703573, 9414387196, 8826628448

Email: jaipur@npcindia.gov.in , himanshu.rg@npcindia.gov.in  Web: www.npcindia.gov.in

JUTEXPO 2020, a reverse buyer seller meet (RBSM) in Kolkata on 12th & 13th Jan 2020. 

Reputed Indian manufacturers and exporters will display Jute Hand/Shopping Bags, Cotton totes, Beach bags, Ribbons, Placemats, Runners, Floor Covering, Decorative Fabric, Geo Textiles & Other Jute Handicraft products. More information is available at www.jutexpo.net

Select importers will be re-imbursed return air ticket fare to the extent of US$ 500/- . Complimentary hotel stay for 2 nights will also be provided.


ELECRAMA, the world’s largest power industry show in Uttar Pradesh from 18th to 22nd January 2020 at India Expo Mart, Greater Noida.

ELECRAMA is organized by Indian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers’ Association (IEEMA), which is a 70-year ‘young’ Industry organization representing 95% of the electrical equipment made in India. The Indian electrical Industry is today worth US$45 billion and growing. The 800+ IEEMA members are manufacturers of equipment and components and contributing towards twin objectives of Make in India and Power for All.

ELECRAMA completes 30 years in 2020 and the 14th edition - ELECRAMA 2020 - will be the largest in scale with 1,10,000 square meters of indoor and outdoor expo space, 1200+ exhibitors from 60 countries and more than 300,000 visitor footfalls from 120 countries.

400+ CEOs of participating companies, diplomats, international delegates and representatives of Indian electrical industry will be at ELECRAMA 2020.

Over the years ELECRAMA has grown in relevance and range to cover the entire spectrum of electricity, namely: 

  • Generation ? Transmission  ? Distribution ? Power electronics   ? Renewables
  • Electric Mobility   ? Power storage  ? Automation

Apart from being a stellar display of the industry, ELECRAMA-2020 shall feature following co-located and concurrent events:

  1. World Utility Summit – Largest forum for Utilities with theme “Utility Next”
  2. eTechnxt – Focussing on Future Technologies in e-mobility and energy storage
  3. ChangeXchange – Biggest Hosted Buyers Programme with 650+ foreign buyers from 80 countries
  4. DBSM – B2B meetings with 300+ domestic buyers from Utilities & EPC
  5. Rail Urja - Pavillion on Railway Electrification
  6. RE Pavilion - Renewable Energy Pavilion
  7. Powerhouse - Power PSUs Pavilion
  8. MSME Pavilion – encouraging the MSMEs with support of NSIC
  9. BuildElec – Unique exposition on building electrical system

Our vision for ELECRAMA-2020 is to make it a Global platform for connecting the world with Indian Industry in respect of collaborations, technology transfer, and knowledge transfer by getting exhibitors from more than 50 countries and visitors from 100 countries.

Who Should Visit:

  • EPC Contractors
  • Equipment Manufacturers
  • OEMs
  • Testing Agencies
  • Exporters
  • Transmission & Distribution Players
  • Consultants

Please find attached the link for visitor registration on Elecrama 2020 website:


For further details please contact reema.shrivastava@ieema.org .

India International Garment Fair
20 – 22 January 2020
Pragati Maidan, New Delhi

1st Mega Shopping Festival in Ahmedabad, Gujarat from 31st Jan to 10th Feb 2020.

Council for Leather Exports (CLE) is an Export Promotion Organization functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt of India with the prime objective of promoting export of leather, leather products & footwear.

 As decided by the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce & India, as a pilot event, ITPO – India Trade Promotion Organisation is organizing the 1st Mega Shopping Festival in Ahmedabad, Gujarat from 31st Jan to 10th Feb 2020.

Details about the 1st Shopping Festival in India :

  • Venue :  Gujarat University Convention and Exhibition Centre, GMDC Grounds
  • Date : Jan 31 to Feb 10, 2020
  • Products on Display : Leather and Non-Leather Products along with other core sectors like Gems & Jewellery, Textiles, Handicrafts, Yoga & Ayurvedic products.
  • Special Features : Good mix of Food, Cultural and Entertainment activities, B2B Meetings, Raffles, Incentive Schemes etc.
  • Cost : Rs 10,000 per sq.mtr for shell Scheme and Rs 8700 per sq.mtr for bare space. All costs are excluding GST.

There will be around 30-40 participants displaying World Class Lifestyle & Fashionable Leather and Footwear Products in the Leather Pavilion in the Shopping Festival.

We request to kindly disseminate this information amongst the potential buyers of the leather and footwear products and request their participation in the 1st Mega Shopping Festival in Ahmedabad, Gujarat from 31st Jan to 10th Feb 2020 to meet with the Indian companies manufacturing leather & footwear products and have B2B meetings.

Ahmedabad fact sheet

February 2020

3rd Raw Material Sourcing Meet on 1st February 2020 at Hotel ITC Grand Chola, Chennai.

The Indian leather & footwear sector assumes greater significance in terms of its potential towards employment generation and foreign exchange earnings. With an annual turnover of over US$ 18 billion, the export of leather and leather products increased manifold over the past decades and touched US$ 5.69 billion during 2018-19.

The Indian leather & footwear sector is poised for growth and has been set an Export Target of USD 10 billion to be achieved by 2023-24.

Availability of raw materials is the key factor for the growth of the entire leather industry. Despite India’s strength in the livestock base and production of leather to around 3 billion sq.ft annually, there is huge requirement of different types of raw materials like Raw Hides & Skins, Wet Blue and Crust (Semi Finished Leathers), & Finished Leather and hence an urgent need to look out for new avenues from where the raw materials can be sourced and imported into India in order to meet the targeted revenues by year 2020. Manufacturers of Footwear, Leather Accessories & Garments are enhancing production to take advantage of expanded market opportunities within the country and overseas and are looking to augment their raw material sources too.

India imports raw hides/skins and leather to the tune of USD 582.84 million in 2018-19, accounting for about 40% of India’s total import of leather products and footwear value of USD 1405.12 million.

Hence, the Council with a view to strengthen the raw material availability, has organized Raw Material Sourcing Meet during 2018 and 2019. In both the editions, around 25 international suppliers from countries Brazil, Bangladesh, USA, East African countries, Egypt, Australia, New Zealand, etc attended the event and held B2B meetings with the Indian suppliers. Given by the positive outcome of the above events, the Council is organizing the Third Edition of theRaw Material Sourcing Meet on 1st February 2020coinciding with the India International Leather Fair, Chennai, (Jan 31-Feb 03, 2020).

The objective of the Sourcing Meet is to arrange B2B meetings between the international suppliers of raw hides/skins, wet-blue, crust leather and Indian manufacturers of leather products to facilitate their sourcing of Raw hides, skins, wet blue, crust leather etc, and to meet the new capacity developed for production of shoes, bags and garments.


- Date : Saturday, 1st February 2020
- Time : 09.00 AM to 2.00 PM
- Venue : ITC Grand Chola Chennai

Hall: Rajendra Hall No.5 and 6.
Lunch will be provided to Participants


-Customers from all over India will be invited for holding one-to-one meetings. A Table will be there for discussion and also to show the samples of all kinds.

- On receipt of your confirmation, we shall suggest Hotels with good prices in the vicinity of the Event Venue for your stay at Chennai

- Travel to Chennai & back including Stay Costs have to be borne by the Participants

We are attaching herewith the Supplier Registration form for providing information on the Raw Materials Suppliers who express interest to participate in the Sourcing Meet.

We request your kind support in disseminating the information to the following Suppliers/Associations :

· Raw hides and Skins Dealers, Traders, Suppliers

· Producers and Suppliers of Wet blue hides and skins,

· Tanners exporting crust for shoes and bags production etc

· They can be trading companies, producers, collectors or tanners of all kinds of hides and skins and looking for new markets or to increase their business etc

Raw Sourcing Meet - Supplier Regst Form

13th Edition of IIJS Signature 2020 & 7th edition of IGJME 2020 (Concurrent Show) from 13th to 16th February, 2020 at Bombay Exhibition Centre, Goregaon, Mumbai.

The Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) is the apex body of trade sponsored by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India to promote exports of the gems and Jewellery from India. Being one of India's leading foreign exchange earners and one of the fastest growing sectors accounting for 12.05  % of India’s total merchandise exports during FY 2018-19, the industry has registered a remarkable growth over the last four decades, with exports from US$ 28 million in the 1966-67 when the GJEPC was established to US$39.68 billion in FY 2018-19(p).

Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) was able to successfully host the 36th edition IIJS Premiere 2019 which was held in Mumbai from 8th  – 12th  August 2019. The show witnessed a huge interest from more participations with nearly 1,260 exhibitors, 2368 booths, 55000 sq. ft., 39,000 trade visitors from 800 Indian cities/towns and 80 countries around the world.

In its endeavour to promote India is innovative Jewellery designs hub; GJEPC is organizing the following focused business to business show at Mumbai that caters to the sourcing needs of the G & J industry:

Welcome to IIJS Signature 2020 & 7th edition of IGJME 2020 (Concurrent Show) from 13th to 16th February, 2020 at Bombay Exhibition Centre, Goregaon, Mumbai.

The Show brief:

IIJS Signature: The show is compact enough to fully explore sourcing opportunities and, with a large number of new participants, it is an ideal platform to develop additional contacts. It is also an opportunity to enjoy exclusive IIJS Signature ambience and hospitality. For further information please visit iijs-signature.org 

IGJME: The show is presenting the latest machines for the mammoth gem and Jewellery industry of India, with a view to offer the manufacturers the best in technology that will bring a difference to their business in terms of quantity and quality. The fair will be held in conjunction with IIJS Signature, which is expected to be attended by over 15,000 visitors. For further information please visit www.gjepc.org/igjme/

Please find enclosed herewith the specially designed promotional material comprising of Fliers. We would duly arrange for privileged facilities mentioned below, on complimentary basis:

·  2 nights/3 days Stay at a Luxurious hotel during the event

·  To & Fro Shuttle bus services Hotel to Exhibition Venue

·  Entry Passes to networking evenings

·  Interpreter facility from non-English speaking countries (applicable for a group of min. 5 delegates)

Kindly note that due to logistical reasons, such privileged facilities can be considered only if the list of members interested to attend the show will reach us at least 60 days prior to the show dates.

For more information, please contact Ms. Annu Kodgule Pal on +91-22-43541800 / annu@gjepcindia.com OR log on to www.iijs-signature.org

On behalf of GJEPC, we look forward for a mutually beneficial business relationship with Jewellers in New Zealand.

We anxiously look forward to receiving your wholehearted support in organizing a sizeable group of buyers who can source from this international platform.

Company Profile Form



Click here to view

OTM Mumbai 2020

OTM is not only the largest travel trade show in India, but it has emerged as the leading travel trade show in the Asia Pacific, with the participation of more than 1,000 satisfied exhibitors from 50+ countries. It is indeed humbling that countries such as China, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Macao, New Zealand, Taiwan, Thailand and many more have trusted us to form relationships and position themselves in the Indian Market. OTM has also had the privilege of nearly every Indian State Tourism Board participating in huge pavilions over the years. 29 Indian States and Union Territories were represented in OTM 2019.

Glimpses of OTM 2019 and the show Brochure are linked here for your ready reference: OTM 2019 Glimpses  OTM Brochure.

For further information please visit: otm.co.in

Surashtra Vepar Udyog Mahamandal is organising the 7th Edition
 of SVUM 2020 International Trade Show at Rajkot Gujarat India, Date 11th to 13th February 2020 Exhibition & B2B and 14th & 15th February 2020 Factory visits.

The last 6 Shows were attended by 750+ foreign Buyers from 40 countries, 20 countries diplomats and 3 countries ministers & importantly 325 cr booked business. SVUM 2020, expect participation from different 30 to 50 countries to attend the show for the B2B meet. Focused Sectors of the show are  Agriculture,  Renewable Energy,  Engineering,  Mining,  Textile & Readymade Garments,  Healthcare Sector, Building Materials,  Jewellery And Life Style,  Food Processing, Education,  Information Technology,  Service Sector, Travels & Tourism,   House Hold Items & Builders & Developers. For more information and registration please visit: 

March 2020

36th International Geological Congress (IGC)

2-8th March, 2020 in NCR-Delhi

India Exposition Mart Ltd, Greater Noida-201305.

India with the support of its neighbouring countries is hosting the prestigious Acknowledged as the Olympics of International Geo-science Conferences (IGC). IGCs are held quadrennially under the aegis of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). For more details, kindly reach out to the event's website 36igc.org

2.     India had the privilege of organizing the 22nd session of International Geological Congress at New Delhi in 1964. This was the first IGC in Asia. India along with its neighboring countries won the bid for 36th IGC in 2012 at Brisbane, Australia. With this, the IGC is returning to Indian subcontinent after a gap of 56 years.

3.     The 36th IGC is expected to have a congregation of more than 6000 delegates from India and abroad participating in its Science Program, Field Trips, Geo Expo, and Business Meetings. The 36th IGC is a platform where the global geo-science community will come together to explore opportunities for scientific collaboration, networking, capacity building and showcasing the scientific findings from their country to the world geo-scientific community. It also presents a perfect stage for India to showcase its geological capabilities and present new business opportunities in the mining and metal sectors.


4th to 6th March 2020 at Codissia Trade Fair Complex, Coimbatore India

We would like to take this opportunity of inviting the foreign buyers who are looking for an opportunity to interact with Indian business partners to our flagship event INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING SOURCING SHOW – (IESS 2020).  The 9th edition of IESS will have around 500 exhibitors, 600 overseas delegates and 15,000 professionals. The show will be held from 4th to 6th March 2020 at Codissia Trade Fair Complex, Coimbatore India. 

 IESS is home to one of the biggest hosted buyer seller meets in India with over 700 focused B2B meetings held consistently over the last 8 editions. We would look forward to your kind support in identifying the sector of Subcontracting, Industrial & Electrical Machinery, Innovation & Technology, Metal & Shop Floor and Future Factory at the IESS. For complete details, please visit at  https://www.iesshow.in

 The event will have opportunities for global co-operation in:

  • Buy from India
  • Explore Technology Transfer opportunities with Indian companies
  • Explore business alliances with Indian companies for joint ventures.
  • Explore “Investment Opportunities” from India.
  • Vendor Development Activities with major Indian Government organizations and   PSUs

We would be interested in developing a comprehensive visit program for a buyer delegation / Exhibitors from your country during IESS - 2020. We feel this will result in accelerating linkages between engineering industries of both the countries and positively develop and promote economic growth amongst existing ones and encourage new ventures.

We encourage the interested delegates to apply as a hosted buyer by completing on-line application form at https://www.iesshow.in/overseas-buyer/

The post-show report is available on  https://www.iesshow.in/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/IESS-Retrospective-2019.pdf.

In case of any queries/questions, Kindly feel free to contact us at njumde@eepcindia.net and  rsharma@eepcindia.net

IMC India Calling Conference for the year 2020 is scheduled on Thursday, March 12, 2020 in Mumbai

Smart Infrastructure

Green Technology – Mobility and Sustainability 

The Conference will bring together policy makers, government officials, economists, banks and financial institutions, companies working in these sectors, logistic providers, investors, academic institutions, industry associations and other experts to discuss and share insights into development of markets in India, policy inputs and opportunities for companies to invest and collaborate in above two sectors.

Appended link below of post- conference report of IMC India Calling 2019 held on March 25, 2019 will give you an idea of the scale of the conference and participation including from concerned ministries, government agencies, diplomatic missions and international delegates. 


We also enclose a Background Paper on the proposed IMC India Calling Conference 2020 for your reference.

IMC will take care of economy airfare and two nights hotel accommodation for accompanying official of the Mission with a delegation of 5-6 companies to attend the Conference.

Background Paper

“Ind–Texpo 2020”, an exclusive B2B exhibition of cotton textiles in India! from 17th to 19th March 2020 at CODISSIA Trade Fair complex, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu State, IndiaThe Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council of India (TEXPROCIL) is organising the second edition of its Reverse Buyer Seller Meet (RBSM). The event will be held and is supported by the Ministry of Textiles and the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India.

"Ind–Texpo 2020” is a specialized B2B fair in the Indian cotton textile sector offering a one-stop destination for worldwide importers to source Indian Textiles from fibres to home textiles and fashion. The exhibition will have on display textiles like home textiles, fabrics and yarns as well as cotton rich blended textiles. For further details, please visit www.ind-texpo.com.

In the previous edition, a total of 150 exhibitors displayed a wide range of cotton textiles with over 100 sponsored international buyers. Buyers from Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, China, Colombia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Turkey, etc. visited the show.

Please follow the important links:

Website of the Show www.ind-texpo.com

Ind-Texpo Promo Film Ind-Texpo 2020 Film

Texprocil Corporate Film Texprocil Corporate Film

Visitor Registration Ind-Texpo 2020 - Visitor Registration

April 2020

International Gem and Jewellery Show (IGJS), Jaipur, 1 - 3 April 2020.

A stand out show with a sharp focus on enhanced customer experience and engagement. The show brings together all Indian gems and jewellery exporters on a single platform. The show provides a unique opportunity for Indian manufacturers to conduct fair business, expand their client base and feel the pulse of the world market.

For more details please Click here

49th IHGF Delhi Fair Spring 2020 | 15 – 19 April 2020 | India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida Delhi.

IHGF is amongst Asia's largest gifts & handicrafts fair, held biannually (Spring & Autumn edition) and is organised by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH).

EPCH, India's premier export promotion organisation with 10000 member exporters is engaged in trade promotion of handicrafts exports from India. IHGF Spring Fair 2020 has been the hallmark for growth of the Indian handicrafts sector for over 26 years.

The five power packed days with over 3,000 exhibitors, spread over 1,97,000 sq. Metres area, brings you an entire range of Home, Lifestyle & fashion, with traditional artistic finish in perfect harmony with modern designs & contemporary colours. IHGF Delhi Fair Spring 2020 is a distinctive business platform for importers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, fashion designers, potential franchises, mail order companies and a few more to source an unparalleled variety of handicrafts, gifts & lifestyle products, from a cross section of handmade manufacturers from India.

For more information: https://epch.in/

Registration form

Event information

Agro Food Expo 2020 (fafe 2020)

22-26 April 2020 at Palace Grounds, Bengaluru

 The theme of the Exhibition is “unleashing the potential in food processing with the aim of doubling the farmers income” through value addition in Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry and Allied activities.  The exhibition will cover Food Processing, Food Packaging, Post Harvest and Pre-Harvest Technologies/Processes Mechanization in Agriculture, Cold Chain and Logistics. We also plan to organize Seminars/Conferences in Food Processing, Food Festival, Awards, Hackathon and Cultural Programs.

 We are expecting participation of few States in India and International participation of the Countries viz., Denmark, Italy, Thailand, Singapore, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Israel, Netherlands, Sri Lanka, Germany and USA. The Exhibition cum Summit will also be a platform to attract investments in the Agro Food Processing Sector in Karnataka and elsewhere in the Country.  There will be a large participation of Processed Food Manufacturers, Equipment Manufacturers, Research and Development Institutions/ Universities, Technology providers and Food Parks approved by the Ministry of Food Processing operating across the Country. The Exhibition will be supported by both State and Central Government.  We will be inviting progressive Farmers / Krishi Pandits / Farmers producer Organizations (FPO) across the State and experts in the field from elsewhere in the country.

 We are planning to have road shows across the Country and Partnering Countries to promote the event and identify potential participants/investors in the Food Processing Sector.